HCPS-100 is a small illumination area type solar simulator with class AAA performances. HCPS-100 is designed for many advancing solar cell researches which needs small illumination area, like perovskite solar cells.
HCPS-100 is composed with a 100 W Xe lamp light source with the light homogenizer and the high-performance power supply. With advanced optical optimization, HCPS-100 has very high performance with compact system size. The illumination area can be larger than ≥ 40 mm x 40 mm. The irradiance spectrum and irradiance stability with time are class A according to ASTM, IEC, and JIS several different international standards evaluations.
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Class A irradiance spectral match
Irradiance spectrum match is one of the key factors of solar simulators. To better evaluate the spectrum performance of a solar simulator, the IEC 60904-9 (2007) standard divided the solar spectrum into different segments with 100nm or 200nm bandwidth from 400nm to 1100 nm. However, with the development of high-efficiency solar cell technologies, the irradiance spectral match of the solar simulator is becoming necessary.
On 2020, IEC released latest solar simulator evaluation standard IEC 60904-9:2020 which evaluate the irradiance spectrum of the solar simulator with broader wavelength range (300nm to 1200nm) and narrower band segments. The details of the evaluation method, please see our “Solar Simulator- Basic Knowledge and Working Principles” and the section “What is AAA solar simulator”. The Class A spectral match requires the deviation of each wavelength bands is within 0.75 to 1.25 both for the old and latest IEC 60904-9 standards. The spectral match evaluations of HCPS-100 by old IEC 60904-9:2007 (Old, easier) or latest IEC 60904-9:2020 (Latest, much difficult) are both reached Class A from 300 nm to 1200 nm. It is contributed by Enlitech’s advanced AM 1.5G filter technology which makes the irradiance spectrum and sustainability of HCPS-100 solar simulator be much better other brand solar simulators in the same level size.
Figure 1. The irradiance spectrum of HCPS-100 solar simulator.
Figure 2. The spectral match evaluation of HCPS-100 solar simulator with the old IEC 60904-9:2007.
The wavelength range is from 400 nm to 1100 nm and divided into 6 bands. The class A classification requires the evaluation values at each wavelength band are all within 0.75 to 1.25 deviation. The results show that all of band evaluation are A or A+ for HCPS-100 solar simulator.
Figure 3 The spectral match evaluation of HCPS-100 solar simulator with the latest IEC 60904-9:2020.
The wavelength range is from 300 nm to 1200 nm and divided into 6 bands. It covers much more wavelength range and make it be more difficult to get good classification. Evan that, HCPS-100 still has outstanding spectral match performance which is much better than class A level. It proofs that the vital spectral performance of HCPS-100 solar simulator is extra ordinary great not constrained by it’s compact size design.
Class A spatial irradiance uniformity
Figure 4 Class A spatial Uniformity of HCPS-100 solar simulator.
It shows the one-sun equivalent irradiance spatial distribution achieving class A (<2%) within 400 mm2 area.
Class A irradiance temporal stability
The third important parameter is the irradiance temporal stability with time. The temporal stability of the solar simulator output illumination directly affects the current-voltage IV tracing curve of solar cell under testing. The un-stable light illumination on the device under test will cause the accuracy of the conversion efficiency value of the solar cell.
The HCPS-100 solar simulator adapts high-stability Xe lamp power supply system, which can keep Xe lamp irradiance output with high temporal stability without needing optical feedback control system.
Figure 5 The short-term irradiance temporal instability of HCPS-100 solar simulator.
The red and blue lines show lower and upper limit boundary of Class A classification. The result shows that HCPS-100 achieves class A requirement.
Max irradiance intensity ≥ 1400 W/m2 (1.4 suns)
According to IEC and ASTM standard, the characterization testing of PV and solar cells should be proceeded at STC (Standard Testing Conditions) conditions. The STC conditions are AM1.5G spectrum, 1000 W/m2 (1sun), and 25 degree C.In general, the time of replacing the lamp of the solar simulator is happened in the case that the output irradiance intensity of the solar simulator is less than one sun (1000 W/m2). It makes the characterizing experiment of the solar cell can not be proceeded under STC conditions. At this moment, the lamp is still emitting photons and irradiance, but cannot be 1000 W/m2. The higher maximum output irradiance makes HCPS-100 solar simulator has more operating time period. It makes HCPS-100 has more Cost-Performance value than other compact size solar simulator.
|Brand||Enlitech||N Brand||Y Brand||S Brand||S Brand||S Brand||H Brand|
|Effective Illuminance Area||40*40 mm||38*38 mm||50*50 mm||40*40 mm||50*50 mm||50*50 mm||50*50 mm|
|Spectral Match||A||A||A||A||A||A||B, 0.60-1.40|
|Spatial Uniformity||A (20*20 mm)||B||A||A||A||A||C, <± 10%|
|Power Consumption||Good (100W)||Good (100W)||Poor (180W)||Poor (150W)||150W||300W||300W|
|Max. Illuminance||1.4 SUN||1.0 SUN||1.0 SUN||1.0 SUN (±30%)||1.0 SUN||2.0 SUN||1.0 SUN|
|Variable Attenuator||0.2-1.4 SUN||N/A||0.1-1 SUN||0.1-2 SUN||N/A|
|Beam Direction||Up/Down/Right/Left Adjustable||Downward only|
(Beam turning accessories need to be purchased additionally)
|Downward only||Up/Down/Right/Left Adjustable||Down/Horizontal||Down/Horizontal||Up/Down/Right/Left Adjustable|
|Device Configuration||All in one||External power supply required||External power supply required||All in one||External power supply required||External power supply required||External power supply required|
|Manual Shutter||Y(Optional Motorized shutter)||Y(Optional Motorized shutter)||Y||Y(Optional Motorized shutter)||Y|
|Working Distance(mm)||100mm||150-180mm(6~8 in)||350±15mm||380±15mm||N/A|
|Stability/Ripple/Regulation||0.03% line requlation||0.05%/<1%/0.02% current variation for 5V line charge||0.05%/<1%/0.02% current variation for 5V line charge||N/A|
|AM 1.5G||Y||Y||Need to be purchased additionally||Need to be purchased additionally||Y|
Adjustable output irradiance function
User also can choose the optical plate and the optical rod module to change the height and the distance between HCPS-100 and the testing plane. The changing distance also changes the light intensity easily. These make HCPS-100 can be applied to many advanced research fields.
Figure 6 HCPS-100 solar simulator can easily be mounted on the optical rod module and optical plate.
(Optical rod and plate sold separately)
Manual optical shutter
HCPS-100 solar simulator has a built-in optical shutter. It can be used to turn ON or OFF of HCPS-100 irradiance output.
Easy installation and maintenance
- 4 flexible illumination directions: up, down, left, and right directions
- Reference Cells for irradiance calibration A reference cell is an standard unit which is usually used to calibrated the irradiance intensity of solar simulators to 1 sun (1000 W/m2). Enlitech provide most plenty different optical window types of reference cells which are all packaged with WPVS type. The calibration of these reference standard cells are traced to NREL and to SI units. Enlitech is accredited through MRA and conformance with ISO 17025:2017 calibration laboratory standard, which can provide users the most trustable testing results.
Specification and Options
|Beam size||≥ 40 mm x 40 mm square beam shape.|
|Spectral Match Classification||Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2007)|
Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2020)
Class A- ASTM E927-10 (2015)
|Temporal Instability||Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2007)|
Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2020)
Class A- ASTM E927-10 (2015)-
|Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2007)|
Class A- IEC 60904-9 (2020)
Class A- ASTM E927-10 (2015)
Within 400 mm2
|Collimation Angle||≦ 6 °|
|Nominal Working Distance||100 mm||or 178 mm (Adjustable)|
|Lamp Power||100 W Xe Lamp|
|Lamp Lifetime||≥ 1000 hr||Based on lamp manufacturer’s report|
|Output illumination directions||Up, Down, Left, Right|
|Typical irradiance intensity||1000 W/m2(1 sun)|
|Maximum irradiance intensity||≥ 1400 W/m2 (1.4 suns); adjustable by mechanical iris control manually.|
|Optical shutter||Mechanical, manual optical shutter|
|Input Power||100-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 5 Amp|
|Cooling system||Active fan cooling system|
|Overheating Protection||Auto power-off protection|
|Optical breadboard plates (Al)|
|Height adjustment clamp and rod||The clamp and rod can fix the optical breadboard plate and adjust the height of HCPS-100 on the plate.|
|Stage and fixtures||Enlitech can help user to design and make any or customized stages and test fixtures.||“Contact Us”|
|Color filters||Enlitech can provide many different wavelength band filters.|
|Additional filter mount|
|IV testing software||IVS-KA6000||Capable with controlling Keithley or Keysight SMU|
|Spare Xe lamp||100 W Xe Lamp|
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